Monthly Archives: August 2017

What are Statutory Accounts

UK Statutory Accounts

As necessitated by the Companies House and the HMRC, all limited companies registered in the UK are required to arrange financial accounts to be submitted annually by their ARD, or accounting reference date. The ARD is the ending date of the 12-month financial year for the limited company. The HMRC uses the annual accounts to determine the company must pay in Corporation tax in relation to their taxable profits. What are Statutory Accounts? A statutory account is a series required accounting documentation that is submitted yearly for the purpose of corporate taxation by the HMRC. Furthermore, it is often used to confer to shareholders the health and profitability of the company, or indeed, lack thereof. A statutory account is comprised of a number of elements including a balance sheet, a profit and loss ledger, a cashflow statements, notes, and a director’s report. Below, we go into a bit more depth regarding each of these elements.

The Difference Between Management and Statutory Accounts To the unfamiliar eye, management and statutory accounts may conflate. The primary and most important difference is that Statutory accounts (as indicated by its name) are mandatory. Management accounts, while useful and a key aspect of running a well-maintained and profitable business, can be used (or not) in any way one sees fit. Statutory accounts, on the other hand statutory accounts must conform to strict guidelines set forth by the relevant authorities.

This being the case, statutory accounts are follow a generalised template which make it easier for both shareholders and the HMRC to understand. These statutory accounts are not particularly useful for internal use within the company as they are produced for the purpose of general understanding of financial standings by third parties (as opposed to problem driven, detailed internal measurements of a management account). Another typical difference between management accounts and statutory accounts is frequency of which they are produced. A once a year statutory account is typically not enough for a director or management team to glean insights into the ongoing financial health of a company. Management accounts are typically created quarterly or sometimes monthly, depending on the size of the company. Management accounts allow you to adjust the current inner workings of the company and plan strategies for future financial success.

how to prepare statutory accountsUK Statutory accounts

Components of a Statutory Account As mentioned previously, a statutory account must contain all information required by the HMRC. Firstly, basic company information must be detailed. This basic information is relayed in the Cover Page, Contents Page, and Company Information page, before the separate accounts sections. 1) The cover page includes the name of the company, registration number, and the company’s year-end date 2) The contents page, as the name implies lists the section and page numbers of the separate sections of the statutory reports 3) The company information page will list the directors, accountant, lawyers, bankers and registered of the company. Once these formalities are taken care of, the following accounting documentation should be included. Balance sheet- A balance sheet is a ledger that indicates all of a company’s assets and debts up until the last day of the fiscal year. The balance sheet must have the name and signature of the director in order to be accepted. Profit and Loss Account-

 

The profit and loss account, in the simplest terms, expresses profits by deducting costs all revenue for the financial year. It is often subdivided into categories such as revenue my category or expenses for travel (for example) for easy analysis. The number at the very bottom is the most important, indicated net profit for the year. This is typically the earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (often shortened to the acronym EBITDA). Cashflow Statement- As indicated by its name, a cashflow statement is indented to document the flow of money into and out of a company. This can include returns on investment, money from operating activities, taxes, capital spending, and dividends. Notes- Notes may accompany many of the figures in the various accounting documents. The notes are intended to provide context to the otherwise static numbers. Director’s Report- The Director’s Report is the director’s opportunity to address management and shareholders and explain the numbers included in the Statutory Accounts. The director may take the opportunity to reflect on successes, shortcomings, and layout the vision for the upcoming financial year. Small, Dormant, and Micro-Sized Companies’ Account Exemptions Though all companies are required to file statutory accounts as a component of the Company tax return, the size and type of your company may offer some exceptions. For small companies with a turnover of less than £10.2 million, less than 50 employees, or £5.1 million or less on their balance sheet, an abbreviate version of the accounts can be filed to Companies House.

Micro entity accounts template

These abbreviated statutory accounts are comprised of only the balance sheet accompanied by notes. The directors report is optional and an exemption can be filed to prevent the auditing of company accounts. If the company has a turnover of less than £632,000, £316,000 or less on its balance sheet, or fewer than 10 workers, it qualifies as a micro-entity. Micro-entities are able to prepare even simpler accounts, send only balance sheets with even less information, and benefit from the same exceptions as small businesses. Dormant companies also qualify for exceptions. A company is considered dormant if it has not completed any significant transactions during the financial year, not including filing fees paid to Companies House, fees resulting from penalties incurred for late filing, or money paid for shares during the incorporation of the company.

If the company is both dormant and small, only abbreviated accounts need to be filed and accounts are not required to be audited. Limited company accounts template and statutory Accounts Example Using the internet, it is possible to find pre-made accounting templates to assist with the creation of your Statutory Accounts. One free and useful site can be found here. A comprehensive example of how a well drafted statutory account filing should look like can be found here. Limited Company Accountants for Small Business Although the process is generalised, filing annual accounts for a limited company can be time consuming and costly. Many companies opt to utilize the services of limited company accountants to ease the process. For a small fee, a qualified specialist can aid your limited company with comprehensive knowledge of accounts processes. This also shields you and your company from costly common mistakes that may cost you in both precious time and avoidable fees.

How to Open a Limited Company Bank Account

How to Open a Limited Company Bank Account

Why a Limited Company Account?

Though it is not mandatory to open a separate limited company bank account for your organization, it makes the bank transactions a lot easier in the long run. Using a different business account allows you to distinguish personal finances from the company’s. Otherwise, different problems may arise. For example, since having company money in your account is taken as borrowing from the company, the account will be in credit; this can cause increased tax liabilities. It may even be illegal to borrow money from the company. Certain tax benefits intended for businesses may not be provided for such accounts as it may be said that the money (and the charges paid for it) is not in the company’s name. Another potential hazard may occur if the company becomes insolvent and had an overdraft that could fall onto the shoulders of the person whose account is being used.

Steps to Opening a Business Account

• Let’s start at the very beginning and assume that you are thinking of creating a limited company. The first step would be to open the company.

• Next, you will have to get the Certificate of Incorporation, which is a license granted by the government and allows you to form the organization officially. This certificate is issued after the company is active and may take a while to obtain.

• Select a bank where you will open the limited company account and book a meeting with them.

• The meeting requires you to show documentation proving your identity and address, where you have to fulfill the bank’s requirements in order to be able to open the account.

 

Bank Requirements

Banks will ask you to provide the following documents: (Note that people applying from other countries to the UK will have to give notarized translations of their national ID, and other documents)

• Passport, national ID, or a driver’s license with photo – this proves identity and will be required of all the named company directors

• A recent bank statement, council tax statement, or a recent utility bill – this provides proof of address

• Company details such as the complete business address (with postcode), contact details, Companies House registration number, and estimated annual turnover are needed

• Personal financial documents may be asked for as proof of clean credit and banking history (Un-discharged, bankrupt, or disqualified directors cannot open a limited company account)

Which Bank?

Though you may prefer to stick to the bank you are already using, you should consider several before you go ahead. You can try the Big Four that dominates UK – HSBC, Barclays, Lloyds, and the Royal Bank of Scotland. Look carefully at the fine print and, before choosing, take into account the following factors:

• Banking fees and charges

• Competitiveness of interest rates

• Availability of mobile or telephone banking services

• Availability of online banking services

• Incentive offerings


An overwhelming majority of UK businesses fall into the small and medium enterprise category (SME), i.e. they employ less than 250 people. If you’re thinking of joining them, you should open a limited company bank account. Not only is it similar to opening a personal account, it will help you, and the company, avoid the pitfalls of mingling business and personal finances. Also, choose the bank that works best for you.

GM Professional Accountants are small business accountants in London and Essex

Call us now on 0208 396 6128 for a free consultation.

How to find accountants in Ilford Lane

Searching for accountants in Ilford lane

Run your business in a lucrative and hassle-free way by hiring the accountants from GM professional accountantsAccountants in Ilford

Are you wondering, “How can I find skilled accountants in Ilford near me?”  GM professional accountants is near you. Yes, ours is a leading Accountancy firm in Ilford, London. Since the start of our firm, we have been offering individualised service to local businesses of all sizes. This means that if you are the owner of a small business, you can also get our professional services at the best prices and find expert accountants near Ilford lane.

Why does choosing our Accountancy firm your best option?

Finding small business accountants in your area is not all a difficult task. They are always available to offer you a variety of services, including accounting and tax return services. Our skilled accountants will make sure that you will get a quality, competent service at a competitive price. GM professional accountants is always ready to advise you for the growth of your business.

You can completely count on our professional accounting services. This is because we have vast expertise, as well as experience in the Bookkeeping and Tax industry. At GM professional accountants, we focus on your business accounts as well as on offering you a practical solution to aid you as well as your businesses and we specialise in capital gains tax.

Our firm has a well-organized team of highly qualified tax accountants near Ilford. All of them have vast years of combined experience in the industry. They will suitably advise you on the way to make your business accounts keep simple. They have the required skills to cut your tax bills. Thus, you can rest guaranteed that you could save a considerable amount of dollars during your tax return. This will allow you to save your hard-earned money as well as your time.

At our firm, all our qualified accountants near Ilford are well versed in accounts practices as well as in tax laws. They will steer you in the right way to develop your business. They will also suggest you the ways to improve profitability, growth rate, cash flow, as well as to boost your business value. Thus, you can rest be confident that you could develop your business effectively.

Furthermore, we can assist your business to develop at a fast pace by practically offering suitable tax suggestion in a timely way. We are the only service providers in Ilford, offering all sorts of tax-associated services. Our knowledgeable accountants will offer you a tailored service, which you cannot find anywhere in the Ilford area.

Our variety of accounting services

As one of the leading accountants in Ilford, we will do our level best to incorporate our expertise and experience for the welfare of your business. Our courteous, professional accountants will do their best to aid you greatly in saving your time as well as your cash through their hands-on business suggestion. We can assist you in finding the easiest way to reduce the overheads and costs. This, in turn, will allow you to charge your valuable customers less. It will also allow you to compete capably with your business competitors.

 

If you need any additional Accounting services, pertained to your business, feel free to contact GM professional accountants. As we are always available to help you, you can contact us on 0208 396 6128

GM professional Accountants are Accountants based in London, our Tax advisors are specialists in small businesses and self employed individuals. we offer the whole package from registering you as self employed to bookkeeping services as well as the final accounts and tax returns. Manor park office address, 47 Gladstone Avenue, Manor park, London, E12 6NR, Ilford office address, Unit 14 Clements Court, Clements lane,Ilford,Essex,IG1 2QY Tel: 0208 396 6128,